Persian Studies at the University of Virginia
The University of Virginia can take pride in being one of the few American academic institutions that has offered courses in Persian language and literature for four decades. In addition to being a long-standing program, the Persian Program at the University of Virginia has been recognized as one of the strongest Persian programs nationwide. Professor Michael Houdson of Georgetown University reported in his assessment that “Persian Studies… is an asset to the University, particularly as UVa strives for more ‘international’ capabilities and recognition.
The UVa Persian Program seeks to promote greater awareness and appreciation of the cultural richness of an ancient civilization; at the same time, it seeks to foster a better understanding of contemporary Iran. Our program focuses principally on Iranian studies; however it bears mention that as the official language in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Persian has been designated a “critical language” and has become a crucial area of study for many students seeking degrees in Politics and Foreign Affairs. Persian is also widely spoken in at least thirteen more countries (Uzbekistan, Turkey, Iraq, United Arab Emirates, United States, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Israel, Bahrain, Canada, Russia, and Kuwait).
Two years of Persian language instruction (Elementary and Intermediate Persian) provide proficiency in areas of comprehension, conversation, reading, and writing. In the third year of Persian study, students explore the intricacies and complexities of the Persian language through the introduction of original literary works—prose and poetry, classical and modern. Larger social, political, historical, and cultural aspects of literary production in Persian are emphasized in a variety of literature courses.
The faculty and the course offerings of the Persian Studies program at the University of Virginia bridge multiple disciplines. Our interdisciplinary program offers not only multi-level courses in Persian language and literature, spanning the period from the birth of the language as a literary force to contemporary times, we also offer courses in: classical and contemporary literature in English translation; women’s studies; cinema; and philology.
The Persian program offers two categories of courses: (PERS) classes taught in Persian; (PETR) Persian literature in translation classes. This allows students to both acquire specialized knowledge in the language and to explore varied interests in literary, philosophical, cultural, and historical aspects of Persian literature through the study of translated works.
Course Descriptions (Regular and Occasional Course Offerings)
PERS 1010/1020 Elementary Persian (Full course/one year)
This course introduces students (both non-heritage and heritage learners) to the Persian language. While developing proficiency in reading, writing, comprehending, and speaking modern Persian through communicative methods, students acquire an understanding of grammar that is well integrated into their language usage. Dialogs and reading texts are geared toward facilitating practical mastery of basic skills.
PERS 2010/2020 Intermediate Persian (Full course/one year)
This course is a continuation of Introduction to Persian. After completing this course, students should be able to read authentic texts of various kinds (with the aid of a dictionary). Although there is emphasis on rapidly improving reading comprehension and the course is much more grammar intensive than Elementary Persian, attaining greater proficiency in speaking, listening comprehension, and writing remains essential to successful completion of the course. Intermediate Persian prepares the student for in-depth textual study and analysis that will occur in the ensuing years of Persian study at UVA.
PERS 3010/3020 Advanced Persian (Full course/one year)
The goal of this course is to increase student’s efficiency in reading modern texts; ranging from literary prose fiction to news media excerpts, to poetry. although the students will be expected to learn grammatical structures emphasis will be placed on the functional usage of the language and on communication in context.
PERS 5020 Readings in Modern Persian Prose Fiction
This advanced Persian course is designed for students who have completed at least two years of Persian language study or the equivalent. As such, the primary aim of the course is to facilitate language acquisition. However, the assigned texts are also examined as literature in this class. PERS 3020 explores the development of modern Persian prose fiction and its relationship to a changing society. Course readings are comprised of writing by major contemporary authors.
PERS 3240 Introduction to Modern Persian Literature
This course addresses the development of modern(ist) trends in Persian literature, emphasizing historical and socio-political factors. Exemplar modern poems, stories, and essays are read in the original, then explained and critically evaluated. Defines and discusses significant ideas, ideologies, movements, trends, milieus, social backgrounds, etc., out of which modern Persian literature emerged.
Persian in Translation Courses
History of Iranian Literature
This course introduces the many stages of Persian literature historically. History of Iranian Literature is a study in the marriage of thought, milieu, genius, and multi-faceted poetics.
Introduction to Persian Sufism
This course introduces students to the many theoretical, literary, and philosophical aspects of Sufism in Iran. It is an introductory discourse into the lexicon and philosophy of Sufism in Iran and the Persian-speaking World.
Contemporary Persian Literature in Translation
This course examines the evolution of twentieth-century Persian prose by charting the development of two features that distinguish many modernist works in the Iranian context: 1) recourse to representations of western cultures as a means of social critique and/or self-appraisal; 2) transformation of “imported” western genres. Readings include works by several of Iran’s most prominent authors: Sadeq Hedayat, Jalal Al-e Ahmad, Simin Daneshvar, Goli Taraqqi, and Shahrnush Parsipur.
Iranian Women Writers
In the old and turbulent history of Iran, women have relied on words as their weapon of choice to struggle for peace and justice. Their foremother, Scheherazade, knew the futility of fighting injustice with violence. Like Scheherazade, Iranian women writers continue to find solace and strength in the limitless power of words. Since the mid-nineteenth century, Iranian women writers have desegregated a predominantly all-male literary tradition. They have also been at the forefront of a bloodless social movement. At home and in Diaspora, they have produced highly acclaimed bestsellers, touching the hearts and minds of an international reading public on an unprecedented scale. This course studies this inspiring presence on the world stage through a variety of genre and, in particular, life narratives.
PETR 3322/5322 The Life and Poetry of Forugh Farrokhzād
This course focuses on the life and art of Forugh Farrokhzad in a spectrum of genres that includes poetry, short stories, travel narratives, literary criticism, essays, and films by and about her. Although from the beginning of her literary career, Farrokhzad was a daring, often irreverent explorer of taboo topics, she was also deeply rooted in the Iranian culture. We study the body of her work to better understand the subversive nature of its subject matter, technique, or point of view, as well as its simple, unpretentious, and lucid language. We also examine the rhetoric and poetics of sex segregation, voice, choice, visibility, and mobility in order to gain a more coherent view of the social, political, and cultural realities of Iran in the 1950s and 60s.